The revised “Implementation of the Promotion Law on Non-State-Run Education” was officially enacted on September 1st, 2021
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The revised “Regulations on the Implementation of the Promotion Law on Non-State-Run Education” (the “Implementation”) came into effect on September 1st, 2021. The newly revised regulations systematically modified, supplemented and improved existing regulations. The “Implementation” stipulated that in order to reduce educational anxiety, unreasonable fees, unfair competition and other behaviors disrupting normal education. For compulsory education, local governments shall not use state-owned enterprises or public educational resources to establish non-state-run schools. Public schools also cannot run non-state-run schools, nor convert themselves into non-state-run schools. The “Implementation” further increased and clarified supporting policies, including financial support, tax relief, and land use guarantees to non-state-run schools. The “Implementation” clarified the orientation of prioritizing non-state-run schools with high quality, distinctive characteristics, and significant social benefits. The “Implementation” added new provisions on the protection of the rights and interests of teachers and students, and added a clause on “prohibition of employment” to promote private school sponsors, actual controllers, and persons in charge to fulfill their legal obligations better.
Note: The difference of public schools, non-state-run schools and private schools is that the owners of public schools and non-state-run schools are public institutions. The operators of public schools are government bodies or collective enterprises and organizations. The operators of non-state-run schools are social organizations or individual citizens. The owner of a private school is a non-public institution or individual, and the operator is a social organization or individual citizen. As of the end of 2020, there were 186,700 non-state-run schools in China, accounting for more than one-third of the national schools at all levels and types, and 55,644,500 students, accounting for nearly one-fifth of all students.